Russia sent home around two-thirds of 30,000 workers from North Korean during 2018 and China repatriated over half, but didn’t specify any figure, reports an unpublished reports by Beijing and Moscow to the United Nations Security Council.
Today, the one-page report was reviewed by source were submitted to council’s North Korean Sanctions Committee in compliance with 2017 resolution, which demanded the repatriation of all workers by the end of 2019 to restrict them earning foreign currency for leader Kim Jong Un’s authorities.
The United States said that it believed in Pyongyang was incoming over $500 million per year from around 100,000 workers abroad, of which 30,000 were in Russia and 80,000 in China.
The UNSC has steadily strengthened sanctions on North Korea since 2006 to interrupt the funding for Pyongyang’s ballistic and nuclear missile programs. The United States President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un have met twice in the previous year in a bid to negotiate denuclearization.
In December 2017, UN resolution needs countries to report to the Sanctions Committee within this month on all country workers sent back home during 2018 along with an explanation of “why less than half of such” workers were sent back if applicable.
Russia has reported that in 2018 the number of North Korean workers “with valid work permits in the Russian Federation decreased from 30,023 to 11,490 persons.” Key North Korean ally China also said that it had repatriated “more than half of the total DPRK nationals earning income.”
China’s mission wrote to UNs, “China will continue earnestly implementing its international obligations, carry out the repatriation work in an orderly manner and complete the repatriation on time,” adding that it doesn’t want the report to be made public.
In 2015, Un Human Rights investigator Marzuki Darusman reported that the North Korean workers, who are working in foreign land mainly in logging, mining, construction, and textile. The report that was submitted by China and Russia to the Sanctions Committee didn’t specify what industries had employed the North Korean workers.
The US-based Human Rights Watch said in a report of 2017, “the treatment of North Korean workers overseas falls short of international labor standards, with no right to freedom of association or expression, control by minders who limit freedom of movement and access to information from the outside world, long working hours and no right to refuse overtime.”
North Korea reported that its laborers were working in foreign land legally and were not forced to go back or mistreated.