A second new planet has been discovered circling Beta Pictoris. It is a fledgling star in our Galaxy providing astronomers a rare glance of a planetary system in the making, as per the study published on Monday.
FrenchNational Centre for Scientific Research’s Astronomer Anne-Marie Lagrange said that “we are talking about a giant planet about 3,000 times more massive than Earth, situated 2.7 times further from its star than the Earth is from the Sun.” Anne-Marie Lagrange is also the lead author of a study in Nature Astronomy.
The second new planet, named as ‘b Pictoris c’ will complete its orbit around every 1200-days. Like its big sister ‘b Pictoris b’, which was discovered by Lagrange and her team in 2009. It is a gassy giant.
Easily visible with naked eye, Beta Pictoris with a mass of around twice that of the Sun, though a newborn, only 23 million years old.
The Sun is over 4.5 billion years old. Beta Pictoris is nearby, around 63 light years and surrounded by a disk of stellar dust.
This swirling halo of gas and debris was the first such configuration to be captured in the image, making it a celebrity star in the 1980s.
Lagrange told sources, “To better understand the early stages of formation and evolution, this is probably the best planetary system we know of.”
Observations claims that the two new planets are still taking its shape.
The second new planet was discovered by analysing 10-years worth of high-resolution data seeked with instruments at the La Silla Observatory in Northern Chile, operated by the intergovernmental European Southern Observatory.
In 2014, scientists informed that b Pictoris b spins at a breakneck speed of 25 kilometres per second (90,000 kph or 56,000 miles per hour). It is situated in the Southern Constellation of Pictor, “The Painter’s Easel”.
Therefore, Beta Pictoris is the second brightest star in the Constellation.