The new academic session is set to begin in September- October due to the ongoing Pandemic delay. The Union Cabinet today in the presence of The Home ministry Mr. Shah approved the NEP (new National Education Policy) 2020 and renamed the HRD ministry as Education Ministry. The Union Ministers Prakash Javadekar and Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank said this new education is a single regulator for all higher education institutions and Mphill would be discontinued.
The New Education policy changed after 34 years, which was adapted in 1986 and amended last time in 1992. in May 2019, the Government presented a Draft of NEP and uploaded it for public feedback. After a long debate, changes, and feedbacks the policy got a nod from the Union Cabinet today.
The NEP is aiming to cover the Right to Education within the age group of 3 to 18 years, which is currently restricted to the age of 14 years. Thus the new education policy aims to universalize the pre-primary education by 2025 and to provide foundational education to all by 2025.
The notable changes mentioned in the NEP drafts:
- The 10+2 system of education will be reclassified to 5+3+3+4 format. This implies the first five years of schooling will be the Foundation Stage, which includes three years of pre-primary school and classes 1 and class 2. The next stage is preparatory stage which would be of three years from Class 3 to Class 5. Later three years is Middle Stage Classes 6 to 8, and the last four years of secondary stage from Class 9 to 12. There won’t be any rigidity of streams, students can choose whichever courses they want.
- There should be a ceiling limit of fees for all the universities irrespective of private or public bodies. That means no extra fee will be charged beyond the cap.
- There should be a multilingual education system. The teacher will not only educate students in English but also need to educate students in their regional language.
- Board exams to undergo a huge change. Like mathematics for CBSE, all courses to be offered in two languages. The board exams across states to test knowledge application and not rote learning. For each subject to test objective and descriptive exam
- Report cards to be reviewed by teachers, peers, and students and well. Review assessment of performance. AI-based assessment of each year to be given to the student.
- Single and common exams for all college entrance exams to be held by NTA. The exam will be optional and not mandatory.
- E-courses to be available in regional languages.
- Co-curriculum subjects like sports, vocational, arts, commerce, science, everything will be at the same level. Students can opt for courses as per choice. Students to be allowed to take up coding from class 6.
- An Academic Bank of Credit (ABC) shall be established which would digitally store the academic credits earned from various recognized HEIs so that the degrees from an HEI can be awarded taking into account credits earned. For instance, now if a student covers a topic related to his or her degree
Under the NEP top 100 Foreign universities will be allowed to set up their campuses in India. According to the HRD ministry document, “such (foreign) universities will be given special dispensation regarding regulatory, governance, and content norms on par with other autonomous institutions of India.” Apart from that its also stressed in the NEP draft that all the educational institutions to be disclosed and audited as “non-profitable” institutions. All fees and charges set by private HEIs will be transparently and fully disclosed, and there shall be no arbitrary increases in these fees/charges during the period of enrolment of any student.
The government is focusing on bringing uniformity in education across all the HEIs, providing universal access to quality education, improving the quality of elementary education through a new national curriculum framework that focuses on multi-linguistic, 21st-century skills, integration of sports and arts, environmental issues, etc.