To resolve the balance sheet trouble, the reforms of the financial sector have also been evaluated, enhance the efficiency and revive bank credit by speeding up the bank cleanup and balance sheets of corporate banks. The report says, “Stability-oriented macroeconomic policies and progress on structural reforms continue to bear fruit in the country.”
Disruptions associated with the November 2016’s currency exchange and July 2017’ GST (Goods and Services Tax) rollout, which led to the slow of 2017-18 accounting years to 6.7%. However, a recovery, to some extent has been done by an investment pick up. Therefore, with an increase in 2017-18 fiscal year was approx 3.6%, a 17-year low that has been reflected on food prices on agricultural sector reforms, normal monsoon rainfall, currency appreciation and subdued domestic demand as well.
The study report says that the continued economic changes are required to minimize public debt levels, which is supported by the streamlining and simplifying of the GST structure. Meanwhile, necessary initiatives have been adapted to evaluating of Public Sector Banks (PSBs) and Non-Performing Assets (NPAs), much necessary to be done.
It is said that “A recent large fraud at a PSB highlights financial sector weaknesses and underscores the need for the government to take further steps to improve the PSBs’ governance and operations, including by considering more aggressive disinvestment.”
With rising in prices of oil and recovering, mid-term headline inflation has increased at 4.9% in May 2018, which is more than the RBI’s (Reserve Bank of India) headline rise and the targeted band of near about 4%. However, there were certain macroeconomic changes that also took place.
The report says that “Systematic macro-financial risks persist, as the weak credit cycle could impair growth and the sovereign-bank nexus has created vulnerabilities.”
Therefore, fiscal risks are heading to the downside, and more on the external side says report. There are expectations with the risk of rising in international oil prices, spillover risks, global conflict in trade, tighter global financial conditions and an increase in regional geopolitical tensions. It is believed that “Domestic risks pertain to tax revenue shortfalls related to continued GST implementation issues and delays in addressing the twin balance sheet problems and other structural reforms.”
Director of IMF Executive Board greets the strong economic growth and asked the Indian authorities for the wide-ranging and important reforms. After broadly evaluating, the director heightened the risks related to the external factors, like tighter global financial conditions, higher global oil prices, and domestic financial vulnerabilities as well.
In referring to the context, they considered the necessity for continued practical macroeconomic policies and convertible emphasis on structural reforms and macro-financial situations.